California Partnership for Long Term Care

Long-Term Care Facts

  • Over 12 million people in the United States require long-term careCare given to someone who can no longer perform activities of daily living.. 1

  • Nearly half of those requiring care are under 65 years of age, including 5.3 million working age adults. 2

  • Women are disproportionately over-represented in the lower income brackets and under-represented in the higher income brackets even though women constitute 51 percent of the California workforce. 3

  • Americans are living longer. In 2001, the life expectancy was 77.2 years, compared to 75.5 just ten years earlier. The number of California residents age 85 and older — those who are most likely to need extended care at home or in nursing homes — is likely to more than double by the year 2030, when the bulk of baby boomers will come of advanced age. 4

  • In 2005, about 1.5 million Californians used long-term care services. That number is expected to skyrocket as 6.5 million Californians will be age 65 and older by 2025. Nearly a million of those will be 85 and older, and many will need long-term care. But nursing homes may not be the default standard for care; many frail elderly will be cared for at home. 5

  • Of the approximately 1.5 million Californians served by long-term care in 2005, 34 percent received care through home health agencies, 42 percent were evenly split between nursing homes and personal careHelp with bathing, grooming, getting from a chair to a bed and other personal assistance. services, and 12 percent lived in some form of residential care. 6

1 Source: Kaiser Family Foundation, March 2001 Medicaid Facts
2 Source: Kaiser Family Foundation, March 2001 Medicaid Facts
3 Source: California Department of Finance, Current Population Survey Report, March 2001
4 Source: California Health Foundation, Long-Term Care: Facts and Figures, 2007
5 Source: California Health Foundation, Long-Term Care: Facts and Figures, 2007
6 Source: California Health Foundation, Long-Term Care: Facts and Figures, 2007